Arne Duncan proposed new accountability standards for students with disabilities.
Claudio Sancez of NPR wrote:
“The Obama administration said Tuesday that the vast majority of the 6.5 million students with disabilities in U.S. schools today are not receiving a quality education, and that it will hold states accountable for demonstrating that those students are making progress.
“Education Secretary Arne Duncan announced what he calls “a major shift” in how the government evaluates the effectiveness of federally funded special education programs.”
“Under the new guidelines, Duncan says he’ll require proof that these kids aren’t just being served but are actually making academic progress.
“We know that when students with disabilities are held to high expectations and have access to a robust curriculum, they excel,” Duncan said.
States that don’t comply with the new guidelines might lose federal funding.
And now for a commentary on the new guidelines, written by BeverleyH. Johns, a national authority on special education. She is Illinois Special Education Coalition Chair for 32 years and was President of the Learning Disabilities Assn., President of the Council for Exceptional Children, and author of many books about students with disabilities.
In a widely circulated email Beverly Johns writes:
We know that when students with disabilities
are held to high expectations and have access
to the general curriculum in the regular classroom,
they excel.” Arne Duncan, June 24, 2014
Really? Where is the evidence that the general
curriculum in the regular classroom results
in such excellence for all students with disabilities?
It is just the kind broad general statement
that Arne Duncan is so fond of making.
The U.S. Department of Education today announced
new standards for judging States on special education.
The new system greatly reduces compliance enforcement
for IDEA, on the theory that States are in procedural
compliance with IDEA, in return for using NAEP test
results to judge educational outcomes for students in
NAEP was NEVER designed or tested for any such purpose
(see below). NAEP is a test taken by a sample of
school districts from each State, every 2 years.
Below is my summary of the conference call hosted
by U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan today.
Conference call on new Special Ed requirements
for States, June 24, 2014.
USDOE plus two Commissioners of Education,
called Superintendents in some States -
Massachusetts (MA), Mitchell Chester, and
Tennessee (TN), Kevin Huffman.
TN: “States build up their little special education
units.” 40 percent of students with SLD can
achieve same test results as others – “not
students with significant cognitive disabilities.”
(last comment made several times by others)
MA: identifies 17 percent of students for SE.
Tom Hehir assisting them: double the number of
students in poverty identified for SE. More students
of color need to be in general ed classrooms.
USDOE: New system has fewer data reporting requirements,
no need for reporting on results of actions taken
on previous non-compliance, no need to have improvement
on previous indicators, etc.
Arne Duncan to the 2 Commissioners: “Other stuff we
should be looking at to eliminate?”
Reporter question: NAEP ever been used this way?
NAEP designed for high stakes testing?
NAEP designed for students with disabilities?
Duncan: “Only accurate measurement we have. Imperfect…”
“I would not call it high stakes.”
“NAEP given every 2 years.”
Reporter question: reinventing the wheel? If States
cannot meet requirements, then change the requirements
in 5 years?
USDOE: “We have to own these kids.”
MA: SE needs to be integrated into the mainstream.
Reporter question: What are the consequences?
Duncan: No real answer, withholding funds not his
Reporter question: What outcomes? The same proficiency
for all students?
USDOE: Vast majority of students in SE must achieve to the
same high standard required by NAEP of all students.
“do not have cognitive disabilities”
Most students in SE now do not have access to content
standards or to the same assessment.
The tone of the call was set by having 2 non-experts in special ed, the 2 Commissioners.