The cost of standardized testing has increased by many multiples in the past decade. By the estimate in this article, our nation now spends $20-50 billion on testing and preparing for testing. Texas, for example, spends almost ten times as much on testing as it did a decade ago.

What has that money produced? Let’s see, a dramatic lowering of teacher morale; cheating on a scale previously unknown; narrowing of the curriculum. How valuable was the expenditure? What if the same amount of money was spent differently? What would it produce?