Bob shepherd responded to the sixtieth anniversary of the Brown decision with these thoughts:

1. Today, a century and a half after the end of slavery, 38.2 percent of African-American children live in poverty.

2. Today, a century and a half after the end of slavery, we routinely jail or imprison people for breathing while black. A recent study in California found that white teens in that state used pot at higher rates than did black teens but that black teens were 17 TIMES as likely to be arrested for it. We in the U.S. have the highest rate of incarceration of any nation on Earth. Fully 2.9 percent of our population is in prison, in jail, or on parole. Although African Americans make up only between 12 and 13 percent of our population, they make up 40 percent of the prison population.

3. Today, a century and a half after the end of slavery, there are more African-American men in prison and in jail than there were enslaved African-American men in 1850.

4. Today, a century and a half after the end of slavery, U.S. schools are more segregated than they were in the late 1960s:

Click to access orfield-historic-reversals-accelerating.pdf

And we are supposed to react to this by

1. testing more, which has done nothing to change the “achievement gap” and will almost certainly increase that gap

2. giving parents more school choice, which is guaranteed to increase segregation

3. pouring many, many billions of dollars into summative standardized testing, evaluation schemes, data systems, and computers for taking tests instead of into prenatal care and wrap-around services from birth on