The BBC compiled this statistical portrait of America’s gun culture five years ago and updated it a month ago, before the Buffalo and Uvalde massacres. The latest studies report that there are more than 400 million guns in the U.S.

It begins:

It was over 50 years ago when the administration of President Lyndon Baines Johnson declared that “firearms are a primary instrument of death in American crime” and that it was “primarily the result of our culture’s casual attitude towards firearms and its heritage of the armed, self-reliant citizen”.

At the time, about 90 million guns were circulating in the country.

Today, there are many more guns and many more deaths.

Firearms deaths have become even more of a fixture in American life, with the 1.5 million that took place between 1968 and 2017 higher than the number of soldiers killed in every US conflict since the American War for Independence in 1775.

In 2020 alone, more than 45,000 Americans died at the end of a barrel of a gun, whether by homicide or suicide, more than any other year on record. The figure represents a 25% increase from five years prior, and a 43% increase from 2010.