Remember when David Coleman, architect of Common Core and then president of the College Board, claimed that the adoption of the Common Core would increase equity and raise test scores for all, especially those farthest behind? Remember, after he took control of the College Board, when he redesigned the SAT and said the New SAT would promote equity? None of that happened.

More students are taking the SAT (good for the College Board’s bottom line), which tends to depress test scores as non-traditional students sign on. But, contrary to Coleman’s assurances, the gaps between groups are growing, not shrinking.

Politico reports:

STUDENTS’ SAT SCORES DECLINE: More than 2.2 million students in the class of 2019 took the college readiness exam, but the test also showed a decrease in average scores, the College Board reported today. The percentage of students passing benchmarks that can be indicators of whether they will successfully complete college coursework also decreased.

— The number of students who took the test increased by 4 percent compared with last year’s class, though the average score decreased by 9 points. This year’s average score was 1059 compared with 1068 in 2018. A perfect score is 1600.

— The percent of test takers who met or exceeded both the Evidence-Based Reading and Writing and Math benchmarks also decreased 2 percentage points, from 47 percent in 2018 to 45 percent. Bianca Quilantan has more.”

Behind these numbers was another story: the increase in gaps between different demographic groups of students.

FairTest reports:

FairTest                          

National Center for Fair & Open Testing
for further information:
Bob Schaeffer (239) 395-6773
mobile  (239) 699-0468

 

SAT SCORE GAPS BETWEEN DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS GROWS LARGER;
TEST REMAINS A CLEARER MEASURE OF FAMILY BACKGROUND
THAN HIGHER EDUCATION READINESS
1,050+ COLLEGES, UNIVERSITIES NOW DO NOT REQUIRE SAT OR ACT SCORES

SAT score gaps between demographic groups grew even larger for the high school class of 2019, according to an analysis by FairTest, the National Center for Fair & Open Testing. The nonprofit organization compared new exam results for this year’s graduates with those from 2018.

“Whether broken down by test-takers’ race, parental education or household income, average SAT scores of students from historically disenfranchised groups fell further behind their classmates from more privileged families,” explained Robert Schaeffer, FairTest’s Public Education Director. “That means access to colleges and financial aid will be even more skewed at schools that still rely on test scores to make admissions and tuition award decisions.”

Schaeffer continued, “The SAT remains a more accurate measure of a test-taker’s family background than of an applicant’s capacity to do college level work. No wonder nearly 40% of all four-year colleges and universities in the country are now test-optional. They recognize that standardized exam requirements undermine diversity without improving educational quality”

More than 1,050 accredited, bachelor-degree institutions now will evaluate all or many applicants without regard to test scores. FairTest’s test-optional database includes more than half of all “Top 100” liberal arts colleges. Upwards of 360 schools ranked in the top tiers of their categories by U.S. News & World Report no longer require the SAT or ACT.

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–  See 2019 SAT Scores by gender, ethnicity and parental education below

–  Comprehensive free directory of 1,050+ test-optional and test-flexible colleges and universities:
http://fairtest.org/university/optional

–  List of 360+ schools that de-emphasize ACT/SAT scores ranked in U.S News’ top tiers
http://www.fairtest.org/sites/default/files/Optional-Schools-in-U.S.News-Top-Tiers.pdf  

–  Chronology of higher education institutions dropping admissions testing requirements
http://www.fairtest.org/sites/default/files/Optional-Growth-Chronology.pdf

2019 COLLEGE-BOUND SENIORS SCORES ON “REDESIGNED” SAT
with comparisons to 2018 College-Bound Seniors Scores
(2,220,087 Test-Takers in 2019 Graduating Class up 3.9% from Class of 2018)

                                                                                READING/       MATH        TOTAL*
                                                                                WRITING

ALL TEST-TAKERS                                           531 (- 4)        528 (- 3)     1059 (- 9)

Female                                                             534 (  -5)      519 (  -3)    1053 (-  8)
Male                                                                 529 (  -5)      537 (  -5)    1066 (-10)

Amer. Indian or Alaskan Native                   461 (-19)       451  (-18)     912 (-37)
Asian, Asian Amer. or Pacific Islander        586 (-  2)       637  (+  2)   1223 (   0)
Black or African American                            476 (-  7)       457  (-  6)     933 (-13)
Hispanic, Latino or Latin American             495 (-  6)       483  (-  6)     978 (-12)
Two or more races                                         554 (-  4)       540  (-  3)   1095 (-  6)
White                                                               562 (-  4)       553  (-  4)   1114 (-  9)

 2019 COLLEGE-BOUND SENIORS SAT SCORES BY PARENTAL EDUCATION

               READING/        MATH          TOTAL*
                                                                  WRITING

No High School Diploma                                  464 (-  9)       462  (-  9)     926 (-18)
High School Diploma                                        500 (-  7)       490  (-  7)     989 (-16)
Associate Degree                                              519 (-  7)       508  (-  5)   1027 (-12)
Bachelor’s Degree                                            561 (-  5)       560  (-  3)   1121 (-  8)
Graduate Degree                                              596 (-  3)       598  (   0)   1194 (-  3)

2019 COLLEGE-BOUND SENIORS SAT SCORES BY SAT FEE WAIVER STATUS

                                                                                READING/        MATH          TOTAL*
                                                                                WRITING

Used at Any Point                                             499 (-  2)       488 (-  1)      987 (-  3)
Did Not Use                                                       539 (-  6)       537 (-  6)    1076 (-12)

* scores do not add precisely due to College Board rounding

Calculated by FairTest from: College Board, 2019 SAT Suite of Assessments Annual Report: Total Group